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17 luglio 2013

Web Resource Optimizer for Java

Archiviato in: java — Tag:, , , — admin @ 22:27

wro4j

ThreadLocal

Archiviato in: java, oracle — Tag:, , , — admin @ 22:22

The javadoc says this:

“Each thread holds an implicit reference to its copy of a thread-local variable as long as the thread is alive and the ThreadLocal instance is accessible; after a thread goes away, all of its copies of thread-local instances are subject to garbage collection (unless other references to these copies exist).

If your application or (if you are talking about request threads) container uses a thread pool that means that threads don’t die. If necessary, you would need to deal with the thread locals yourself. The only clean way to do this is to call the ThreadLocal.remove() method.

There are two reasons you might want to clean up thread locals for threads in a thread pool:

to prevent memory (or hypothetically resource) leaks, or
to prevent accidental leakage of information from one request to another via thread locals.

Thread local memory leaks should not normally be a major issue with bounded thread pools since any thread locals are likely to get overwritten eventually; i.e. when the thread is reused. However, if you make the mistake of creating a new ThreadLocal instances over and over again (instead of using a static variable to hold a singleton instance), the thread local values won’t get overwritten, and will accumulate in each thread’s threadlocals map. This could result in a serious leak.

private void cleanThreadLocals() {
        try {
            // Get a reference to the thread locals table of the current thread
            Thread thread = Thread.currentThread();
            Field threadLocalsField = Thread.class.getDeclaredField("threadLocals");
            threadLocalsField.setAccessible(true);
            Object threadLocalTable = threadLocalsField.get(thread);

            // Get a reference to the array holding the thread local variables inside the
            // ThreadLocalMap of the current thread
            Class threadLocalMapClass = Class.forName("java.lang.ThreadLocal$ThreadLocalMap");
            Field tableField = threadLocalMapClass.getDeclaredField("table");
            tableField.setAccessible(true);
            Object table = tableField.get(threadLocalTable);

            // The key to the ThreadLocalMap is a WeakReference object. The referent field of this object
            // is a reference to the actual ThreadLocal variable
            Field referentField = Reference.class.getDeclaredField("referent");
            referentField.setAccessible(true);

            for (int i=0; i < Array.getLength(table); i++) {
                // Each entry in the table array of ThreadLocalMap is an Entry object
                // representing the thread local reference and its value
                Object entry = Array.get(table, i);
                if (entry != null) {
                    // Get a reference to the thread local object and remove it from the table
                    ThreadLocal threadLocal = (ThreadLocal)referentField.get(entry);
                    threadLocal.remove();
                }
            }
        } catch(Exception e) {
            // We will tolerate an exception here and just log it
            throw new IllegalStateException(e);
        }
    }

A good place to do such cleanup is ServletRequestListener.requestDestroyed().

11 luglio 2013

codepen

Archiviato in: code, sapere è potere — admin @ 22:57

html … css … js framework … on codepen

Download Virtual Machine for IE Testing

Archiviato in: web — admin @ 22:54

testing webapp on IE … download vm machine from here

download-vms

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